(Combined pills)
How it works

Contains two hormones -oestrogen and progestogen.

It stops ovulation, thickens cervical mucus to prevent sperm reaching an egg and thins the lining of the uterus to prevent a fertilized egg implanting.

  • 99 % effective if taken according to instructions.
  • Usually makes periods regular, lighter and less painful.
  • Reduces risk of cancer of the ovary,uterus and colon and may protect against pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Suitable for healthy non-smokers up to the menopause.
  • When you stop using the combined pill your fertility will return to normal.
  • Low risk of serious side-effects such as blood clots, breast and cervical cancer.
  • Can have temporary side-effects such as headaches, nausea, mood changes and breast tenderness.
  • Missing pills, vomiting or severe, long-lasting diarrhoea can make it less effective.
  • Some medicines can make it less effective.
  • Break through bleeding and spotting is common in the first months.
  • Not suitable for very over weight women or smokers over 35 years.